Kanji: LEVEL 1 OF THE JAPANESE LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY TEST

Beyond the 1,945 General-Use Characters: 114 Additional Kanji You Need to Know for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) Level1

In 2002, Level 1 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT, 日本語能力試験) covered 2,040 kanji. (In 2001, the number was 2,036).

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Of the 1,945 general-use characters, 19 were excluded from the range of the test. (See below for a list of the 19 excluded general-use characters).

The additional 114 characters falling within the range of the test included: (1) commonly used non-general-use kanji characters; and (2) characters used predominately in Japanese names (人名漢字).

Here is a list of the 114, with one pronunciation and one keyword provided for each:

挨 アイ
push open

垢 あか
grime

憧 あこがれる
yearn for

宛 あて
address

或 ある
a certain

椅 イ
chair

伊 イ
phonetic for “I”

炒 いためる
saute

嘘 うそ
lie

嬉 うれしい
happy

噂 うわさ
rumor

餌 えさ
animal feed

於 おいて
at

岡 おか
hill

俺 おれ
I

嘩 カ
shine

鍵 かぎ
key

崖 がけ
cliff

賭 かける
gamble

籠 かご
basket

霞 かすむ
blurred

嘗 かつて
formerly

鞄 かばん
handbag

釜 かま
iron pot

噛 かむ
chew

瓦 かわら
tile

稀 キ
rare

稽 ケイ
practice

蹴 ける
kick

喧 ケン
noisy

梢 こずえ
treetops

忽 コツ
instantly

此 この
this

頃 ころ
about

沙 サ
sand

匙 さじ
spoon

拶 サツ
be imminent

爽 さわやか
refreshing

叱 しかる
scold

腫 シュ
tumor

繍 シュウ
embroider

醤 ショウ
soy sauce

尻 しり
buttocks

芯 シン
wick

腎 じん
kidney

隙 すき
gap

凄 すごい
incredible

裾 すそ
hem

咳 せき
cough

咀 ソ
bite

蘇 ソ
Soviet Union

袖 そで
sleeve

其 その
that

剃 そる
shave

揃 そろえる
be complete

汰 タ
luxury

叩 たたく
hit

只 ただ
only

溜 たまる
gather

誰 だれ
who

旦 タン
dawn

蛋 タン
protein

馳 チ
gallop

蝶 チョウ
butterfly

呟 つぶやく
mutter

壷 つぼ
jar

爪 つめ
fingernail

吊 つる
suspend

頓 トン
suddenly

丼 どんぶり
bowl of food

那 ナ
phonetic for “na”

奈 ナ
Nara

謎 なぞ
riddle

撫 なでる
pat

鍋 なべ
pot

匂 におう
smell

賑 にぎやか
bustling

睨 にらむ
glare

濡 ぬれる
get wet

覗 のぞく
peek

喉 のど
throat

呪 のろい
curse

狙 ねらう
aim

這 はう
crawl

箸 はし
chopsticks

筈 はず
ought

貼 はる
affix

髭 ひげ
facial hair

膝 ひざ
knee

肘 ひじ
elbow

瞳 ひとみ
pupil of the eye

紐 ひも
string

藤 ふじ
wisteria

蓋 ふた
lid

吠 ほえる
bark

頬 ほお
cheek

殆 ほとんど
almost

惚 ほれる
fall in love

蒔 まく
sow seeds

撒 まく
scatter

枕 まくら
pillow

股 また
thigh

眉 まゆ
eyelid

勿 モチ
not

尤 もっとも
outstanding

貰 もらう
receive

闇 やみ
gloom

茹 ゆでる
boil

嵐 らん
storm
呂 ロ
spine

脇 わき
armpit

湧 わく
boil

僅 わずか
wee bit

碗 ワン
tea cup

The 19 excluded general-use characters are:

脹 swell
虞 fears
朕 Imperial we
銑 pig iron
嚇 intimidate
勺 shaku
畝 furrow
且 as well
侯 feudal lord
爵 rank of nobility
薪 firewood
帥 commander in chief
錘 spindle
奴 guy
但 provided that
匁 monme
隷 underling
婆 old woman
翁 old man

NOTE: Beginning in 2010, substantial changes were made in the levels of the JLPT, and the list below is no longer an accurate guide to non-general use kanji appearing on JLPT Level 1. Please refer to the official JLPT homepage at http://www.jlp.jp/e/for more information, and to the following excellent online study guides designed to help you prepare for the test:
Jonathan Waller’s guide to the revised JLPT, including level checker

JLPT Study Page for Levels N2-N5


Kanji lists via KanjiClinic obtained from:

日本語能力試験出題基準改訂版
Japanese Language Proficiency Test: Test Content Specifications
国際交流基金、2002(凡人社)

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