Hina-Matsuri Girl´s Day 雛祭り

 

Hina-Matsuri (雛祭り), also known as the Doll Festival and The Peach Festival (ももの節句), is a Japanese holiday in which dolls (雛人形 hina-ningyō) in traditional Heian period dresses are displayed in Japanese homes and communities. It is a time in which Japanese families pray for the health and happiness of their daughters. Hina Matsuri is celebrated on March 3, although the doll displays usually begin going up at the end of February.

Hina Dolls

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(雛人形 hina-ningyō)

The symbol of Hina-matsuri is the hina doll. It is common that families set up a large display of dolls in their homes. A tiered stand for the dolls is covered with red cloth, and a pair of dairi-bina (imperial couple) in beautiful kimono is placed on the top tier. Dairi-bina originally represented the emperor and empress, so they are in costumes reserved for the noblest persons in the court. Three female dolls in red hakama (long pleated skirt-trousers worn over kimono) are placed on the tier below. Five dolls representing children, each with a different musical instrument, are placed on the third tier from the top. (Source)

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 On these websites you will find more information about this celebration and the display of the dolls:

Special Food & Dishes

Hishimochi (菱餅)

Diamond-shaped rice cakes in colors pink, green and white

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Sakuramochi (桜餅)

Bean paste-filled rice cakes with cherry leaves

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Chirashizushi (散らし寿司)

 Scattered sushi that is served on plates or bowls with colorful toppings

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Hina-arare (雛霰)

Rice cake cubes

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Ushiojiru (潮汁)

A salt-based soup with clam shells

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Meaning and symbolism of the food and colors

  • Peach blossom: Ward off evil
  • White sake: purge evil from the body
  • Kusa mochi: aroma of the wormwood would purge evil
  • Hishi mochi: symbolic of the heart, represents the longing of parents when thinking about their kids; white symbolizes the land, green symbolizes the buds on the trees, pink symbolizes life; it is said to absorb energy from nature
  • Clam: two shells only overlap perfectly when they are from the same clam, thus it symbolizes chastity and a good match
  • Hina Snow Pellets: the same meaning as the three colors of hishi mochi, able to absorb energy from nature

(Source)



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