When studying Japanese, you’ll come across many sakura-related words and phrases, which are often used as seasonal words (“kilo”) These are some of the most used phrases when Hanami season arrives in Japan.
The first (“hatsu”) sakura flower to bloom in a year; an early-blooming sakura
The time (“toki”) when sakura bloom
Another name for the third month, Yayoi, of the old lunar (“tsuki” means “moon”) calendar
Tidings or news (“tayori”) of sakura blooming
The act of visiting various cherry blossom spots, of appreciating sakura, or simply going for hanami (“flower viewing”)
Sakura-bito (桜人) / Hana-bito (花人)
A person (“hito”) who loves sakura; a person attending hanami
Clothing (“koromo”) worn during hanami; particularly, the beautiful kimono worn by women during that time
A sense of fatigue (“tsukare”) coming from over-stimulation at the sight of cherry blossoms in full bloom as well as dealing with hanami crowds
Sakura-ame (桜雨) / Hana no Ame (花の雨)
The lamentable rain (“ame”) that falls around the hanami period
Cloudy (“kumori”) skies when cherry blossoms bloom
*There are many weather changes during cherry blossom season. On a note, this phenomenon is also called yōkaten (養花天).
Hana no Kaze (花の風)
The regrettable wind (“kaze”) that sends cherry blossoms scattering
Sudden and temporary cold (“hie”) weather that arrives after the climate has already warmed up during the cherry blossom season
A controlled bonfire (“kagari”) kindled below the cherry trees to illuminate them; also called hana-bonbori (花雪洞)
Another name for sakura (lit. “dreaming grass/plant”)
*This name derives from the spell-binding beauty of cherry blossoms, as if you’re lost in a dream.